Can You Aerate In The Summer? A Complete Guide

Simple maintenance tasks performed regularly play a vital role in getting you a thick, lush, healthy lawn. However, some jobs done once in a year support these smaller efforts and should not be neglected. Can you aerate in summer?

Most homeowners indulge in aeration on an annual basis to relieve compaction of soil and enhance the grass growth.

While aeration has several benefits, the time you choose for the task is more important than the act itself. A lot of people wonder what is the ideal time to aerate and whether it is right to aerate the lawn in the summer.

In this guide, we answer all the questions you may have about the best aeration time.

Can You Aerate In The Summer?

Can You Aerate In The Summer

Aeration is one of the tasks that go a long way when it comes to keeping your lawn healthy. It is necessary because the soil in the yard can become compacted over time. When this happens, it gets difficult for the nutrients to reach the roots of the grass.

Moreover, the roots find it difficult to grow strong as they cannot make their way through compacted soil.

Aeration creates some space and lets the roots get stronger, ultimately improving the overall health of the lawn.

Timing is crucial to get the desired benefits from aeration. You get the highest impact when you do it at the right time for the lawn.

Summer is a time when you like working around the house so it is natural to wonder whether summer is an ideal time for lawn aeration. The type of grass you have on your lawn determines when you should aerate it.

Different types of grasses have their own growing season and dormant season. It is important to perform aeration depending on the type of grass so that it gets time to grow and fill in the holes before getting dormant.

Almost all the types of grasses have summertime overlap so you can certainly aerate the lawn in summer.

Aerate Lawn In Summer – What You Should Know?

Lawn varieties are divided into two main categories – cool weather and warm weather. Tall Fescue, Rye Grass and Kentucky Bluegrass are the most common cool weather grasses which should be aerated when the weather starts getting cool.

This is generally spring or early fall time as the grass grows actively during this time and aeration promotes new root growth.

Though cool season varieties can be aerated during late summer and spring, fall is considered to be the ideal time for a number of reasons. Aerating such grasses in the summer heat can put stress on the grass.

Warm weather grass varieties like Centipede, Bermuda, Zoysia and Buffalo should be aerated when the weather gets warm. The best time to aerate these grasses is through early summer and late spring.

Aerating the lawn during this season helps the lawn but drought and heat waves should be avoided as they can harm the grass through water evaporation.

When aeration is done during active growth, grasses can recover fast and fill the spaces where the aerator exposes soil. Annual aeration is considered to be a great practice for both these types of grasses.

When Is The Best Time To Plug Aerate A Lawn?

Lawn plug aeration is a useful maintenance job that relieves compaction of soil and allows more oxygen to the roots. It prevents thatch buildup and improves the flow of water and nutrients.

The best time to plug aerate the lawn depends on a variety of factors including the climate and type of grass. Warm-season grass should be plug aerated in the early summer or late spring while fall is the best time for cool-season lawn varieties.

The idea is to aerate the lawn when it is growing actively. You should not consider plug aerating during dormant time or drought. It is important that you wait until the conditions are favorable.

If you plug aerate a too dry soil, the spikes will not reach deep enough while the soil too soggy will make them plugged. So the right time to plug aerate is when the soil is moist but not too watery. Once done, you should leave the soil plugs in place so that the soil quickly breaks down.

When Is A Good Time To Aerate A Lawn?

The ideal time to aerate a lawn is when the grasses reach their optimal natural growth. Aerating the lawn is beneficial but can stress the grass if not done at the right time. you should take care that you never aerate a dormant lawn.

Early fall or spring is a good time to aerate cool-season grass varieties found in northern lawns. These grasses should be aerated in fall as it is ideal for seeding and allows direct contact of soil and seed for better germination.

Warm-weather grasses in southern lawns are best aerated in the later spring time or early summer months. Aerating a lawn is easy for you and the equipment when the soil is moist from rainfall or irrigation.

Dry soil can be tough to aerate while too wet lawns can make the process difficult as well. It is important to aerate the soil according to the type of grass and not the region you live in.

Should You Aerate & Overseed In Summer?

Overseeding the lawn after aeration is an excellent way to get a fuller, lush appearance. Overseeding also allows the seeds to have more direct contact with the soil and nutrients, resulting in faster germination.

However, it is important to aerate and overseed at the right time to keep your lawn healthy and beautiful. Most homeowners wonder if they should perform these annual maintenance tasks in the summertime.

While it is completely fine to aerate and overseed the lawn in summer, it is advisable to wait till late summer or early fall. Seeds sown in summer will have to handle some established pests.

Moreover, it gets difficult to water the plants as freshly grown seeds need frequent watering and summer heat can increase the demand.

This means overseeding and aerating in summer is difficult but not impossible if you can provide the extra attention the grass needs. To overseed in summer, you should cut the grass as short as possible and remove all the weeds. Summer overseeding needs that you keep the seeds moist but not wet.

Milorganite Application – When & How Often To Apply Milorganite?

If you too are inclined towards natural methods and products for your lawn, you are likely to consider Milorganite, an organic fertilizer that you can apply without any risk of burning the grass.

Milorganite is made up of dried microbes that ingest nutrients from the wastewater. When this fertilizer is applied to the lawn, it helps the grass get a beautiful green color and lush appearance.

In this guide, we discuss all you need to know about using Milorganite on the lawn for the best results. We talk about when and how often you should use this fertilizer to maximize its effects.

Milorganite Application – A Complete Guide

Milorganite application
  • Milorganite is produced from wastewater treatment where microbes turn into beneficial organic fertilizer that millions of homeowners around the country trust for their lawn’s health.
  • It is a safe-to-use fertilizer that contains no pathogens or harmful chemicals.
  • The company suggests specific application measures to make sure you get maximum benefits.
  • It is important that users follow these application schedules and instructions.

As a general rule of thumb, Milorganite should be applied at a rate of a 32-pound bag for 2500 square feet of surface in the lawn.

According to this suggestion, a lawn spread across ¼ acre would need 5 bags while 1 acre would require 18 bags of fertilizer. However, you should consider the type of grass you have and your location before deciding the application schedule and amount of Milorganite for application.

Applying Milorganite safely requires the use of a lawn spreader – either a drop-type or broadcast.

If the lawn is small in size, you can use a drop spreader or a handheld spreader.

When spreaders are used for the application, the product is spread evenly over the entire surface without any piles that could burn the grass.

The setting of the spreader varies according to the brand of tool you use. A 36-pound Milorganite bag can cover a lawn spread across 2500 square feet of area.

When applying the fertilizer, you should make sure the soil is moist but the grass is dry. It is advisable to water the lawn 2-3 days before the application.

Don’t place the tool on the lawn while adding the fertilizer but rather on a hard surface such as a driveway.

Add the required amount of the product to the hopper and start applying lengthwise on the lawn. Give an inch of water after fertilizing to make sure the blades are rinsed off any product.

When To Use Milorganite?

The manufacturer recommends using Milorganite around major holidays so that it is easy to remember the fertilization schedule.

Warm-season grasses should be fertilized during Easter after the grass is out of its dormancy.

The fertilizer can then be applied around the end of May during Memorial Day and Labor Day.

The fourth application should be scheduled at around early October or when you undertake fall overseeding.

For cool-season grasses, the application of Milorganite should be scheduled differently for the best results.

The most effective times for fertilization are Memorial Day, July 4, Labor Day and Thanksgiving.

The recommended application rate for all these times is about 32 pounds every 2500 sq.ft. for both the types of grasses.

How Often To Apply Milorganite?

It is advisable to fertilize the lawn four times a year for the best results.

However, if you want to apply it only once a year, the best time to use Milorganite is early fall as you can deliver a lot of nutrition to the lawn to bounce strongly after the winter months.

Let us discuss in detail how often Milorganite should be applied to different types of lawn.

Warm-Season Grasses

Those living in the south may have warm-weather grasses like Centipede, Bermuda, Zoysia, St. Augustine and others. For this type of lawn, you should fertilize with Milorganite four times a year for desired results.

If you have Bahia or Centipedegrass, you should apply the fertilizer only in the spring or summer. Applying in the fall could cause problems with winterkill in the yard.

Once the last frost passes and the grass starts growing actively, you can consider spring fertilizing with Milorganite for your warm-season grass.

Cool-Season Grasses

If you have a lawn in the North, it is likely that you have a cool-weather species of grass like Kentucky Bluegrass or Fescue.

This type of lawn should be fertilized with Milorganite four times per year.

Milorganite Results – Before & After

Milorganite is a great choice for an organic fertilizer that transforms your lawn into a piece of beauty.

It is the high iron content of the organic nitrogen fertilizer that makes it so effective at improving the look and health of your lawn.

It feeds the grass and greens it up without burning any blade. It delivers slow-release nutrients for up to ten weeks which results in fewer applications. Such extended feeding means you can see a deeper and established root system, uniform growth and healthy lawn.

Real-life users share their experiences using Milorganite on their lawn. Online testimonials suggest the effectiveness of the fertilizer.

Homeowners also share pictures of their lawns before and after using Milorganite. A lot of users upload beautiful, lush green lawn images after the application of this organic fertilizer.

These pictures depict Milorganite results and show that it is one of the most cost-effective and powerful natural fertilizers for lawns.

We hope this guide helps you learn more about the application of Milorganite. With this information, you now know how much and when you should apply the fertilizer to get a beautiful-looking lawn.

Dallisgrass Vs Crabgrass – Why Is Crabgrass Bad? UPDATED 2021

As a homeowner, nothing is more appealing than having a great lawn. We indulge in several maintenance tasks throughout the year to keep the grass green and lush.

One of the most daunting jobs around the lawn is weed removal. You might have seen grasses that grow faster than others but may not realize what they are and how to get rid of them.

Dallisgrass and crabgrass are two popular varieties of weed grasses seen in yards and are often mistaken for one another.

In this post, let us try to understand the differences between the Dallisgrass Vs Crabgrass so that you can identify each and learn what steps you should take to maintain your lawn.

Dallisgrass Vs Crabgrass

It is important to identify the type of weed you have before taking measures to kill them.

Dallisgrass and crabgrass are often seen growing in the yards and look similar.

why is crabgrass bad

However, they have several similarities and differences that you should be aware of. Both these are weeds that are unwanted when seen growing on the lawn.

However, Dallisgrass is a preferred pasture grass for ranchers though its seed heads are likely to develop fungus during summer months.

Both Dallisgrass and crabgrass are evading in nature and often difficult to get rid of once they thrive. Dallisgrass, however, can evade a lawnmower because of its tall stalks which can be smooth as well as coarse.

  • Being stiff and thick, they can be hazardous for people walking around the yard.

Dallisgrass is also more difficult to control as compared to crabgrass because it grows back from the root system annually while crabgrass sprouts only from the seeds.

Talking about the appearance, Dallisgrass grows in solid bunches while crabgrass spreads in a star-like pattern. Dallisgrass can thrive when nitrogen fertilizers are sprayed in the lawn while crabgrass can be suppressed by other grasses with the use of fertilizers.

How To Tell Crabgrass From Dallisgrass?

If you have different types of weeds in your yard, it is important to know the difference to be able to handle them well. Both crabgrass and Dallisgrass are thriving and full-grown grasses and people often mistake them for each other.

It is possible to prevent crabgrass as it is an annual plant growing from seeds. Dallisgrass, on the other hand, is difficult to prevent and you should tackle the plants as they grow in the yard.

If these two types of weeds grew side by side, it is easy to tell the difference. Dallisgrass is a more upright, taller weed as compared to crabgrass.

The latter has broader leaves and grows closer to the ground, resembling St. Augustine.

However, it is still possible to tell crabgrass from Dallisgrass with the help of the seed head. Crabgrass has fine and small seed heads that grow out of the top of their stem.

Dallisgrass has much bigger seed heads with black spots and grow from the stem side rather than the top.

Dallisgrass is known to produce rhizomes, short underground stems while crabgrass forms a thick mat of weed with clumps of side branches. Crabgrass can take up a variety of forms depending on the surroundings.

However, its blades seem apart and not originating from the central point. The stems and branches grow bigger with time and reach the ground to spread out in a star pattern.

What Does Dallisgrass Look Like?

A perennial grass native to South America, Dallisgrass is known to produce seeds during its lifecycle. It can be easily recognized by the seed head that generally escapes a mower reel.

The grass grows in a bunch and has a coarse texture. It grows quickly in a vertical structure and is thicker and stiffer than most other types of grasses.

What makes Dallisgrass stand out from others is its grayish-green tone and hair growing on the leaf blade and collar. Dallisgrass is different from other bunch-type grasses as it produces short rhizomes that increase the diameter of the plant by growing as an underground stem.

Why Is Crabgrass Bad?

Crabgrass is a grass variety but not a turf-type grass used to create lawns. It is an annual grass that grows during the spring, summer and fall and dies in the cold. It is bad because it looks ugly and dominates the lawn throughout the season.

Crabgrass creates the biggest problem in the summer. Grasses grown in the lawn grow vigorously during the fall and spring. In the summer months, they slow down and even go dormant.

Crabgrass, however, thrives in summer and can easily establish itself on the lawn. It is an opportunistic plant that grows in bare yard areas and crowds good plants that are weak due to some problems.

Apart from this, crabgrass dies during the frost and turns brown, making the yard ugly. Each plant drops thousands of seeds which continue their lifecycle during the spring.

Is Crabgrass Bad For Dogs?

Most pet owners are concerned about the safety of their pets eating grass. Dogs seem to love the taste of crabgrass and like grazing this weed when roaming around the yard.

There are several reasons dogs eat grass and they are generally seen feeding on grasses when having an upset stomach.

Crabgrass is not a toxic plant and therefore not bad for dogs. While some of the grasses can lead to conditions like diarrhea and stomach irritation, crabgrass is mostly safe when fed to dogs and should not cause any health issues.

In rare cases, crabgrass can result in adverse effects on a dog. We hope this article helps you identify what type of weed you have in the yard and what measures can help you eliminate them for a healthy, weed-free lawn.

What Type of Sand for Lawns? Best Sand To Topdress Lawn

Topdressing is an excellent addition to the lawn care routine as it helps smoothen the surface, improve the quality of soil and help control thatch. But, what are the best sand to topdress lawn?

It is specifically essential for lawns with minor bumps that spoil the appearance or cause problems to the mower. Adding a layer of sand over the lawn is a common practice but requires some important considerations.

In this post, we discuss what type of sand is good for topdressing and talk about some of the best sand options to use on the lawn.

What Type of Sand For Lawns?

A lot of homeowners ask what type of sand is best for top dressing their lawn. What works the best for you depends on your reason for top dressing.

Many lawn enthusiasts dress their lawns exclusively with sand. Every year, they use a thin layer of washed sand on the lawn to adorn it.

This process is generally preceded by aeration, de-thatching or scalping and converts into an annual lawn care routine.

While no sand provides any nutritional benefit to the lawn on its own, it can be used strategically to improve the soil structure, drainage and levels.

However, it should be noted that using sand for topdressing the lawn year after year affects the fertility of the soil. This is why top dressing mixes contain a blend of coarse sand, compost and topsoil.

Best Sand to Topdress Lawn

Sand To Topdress Lawn

There are several benefits to topdressing a lawn. It will improve the quality of the soil over time and promote new growth.

You can choose from a variety of sand types for topdressing and the right one depends on the type of soil in the lawn and your reason for topdressing.

Adding sand to the topsoil improves the lawn’s ability to hold moisture and makes it resistant to drought. If the lawn has clay soil, it can drain better and improve the root development.

Another benefit of topdressing is to level out bumps and lumps around the lawn area. Topdressing promotes the development of new shoots in the grass and gives a denser lawn.

While any sand type works for topdressing, the right choice depends on what purpose your lawn care process addresses. Depending on the results you expect, there are several sand varieties you can use to topdress your lawn.

High-quality sand provides many benefits to the lawn. Sand topdressing helps fill the voids existing within the canopy between stems and leaves to provide a smoother appearance.

Sand also dilutes the thatch to help maintain the quality of the lawn. It also improves lawn recovery by cushioning leaf tips and crowns and reducing algae. Regular topdressing with sand also improves the firmness of the surface when combined with aeration.

Mason Sand For Lawn Leveling

Mason sand is one of the best choices for lawn leveling as it is screened to get rid of small rocks. It is fine sand that easily gets into the topsoil rather than sitting on the top of the grass.

When parts of the surface of a lawn become uneven with time because of different reasons, it is a good idea to topdress the lawn with a thin layer of mason sand.

This solution works for widespread unevenness that is not too deep. If you find a lot of variation in level, you might want to consider multiple topdressing applications or even filling deep depressions and reseeding.

A mixture containing mason sand can be applied to patches cut out of the turf before laying them back down.

Paver Sand For Lawn Leveling

This is a white washed sand in high-quality that makes the right product for filling joints between pavers.

When used for lawn leveling, paver sand adds a nice weight to the lawn and improves the root to soil contact. Top dressing the lawn with paver sand prevents excessive drying of the edges.

Paver sand is much more porous than clay so it improves the drainage of the soil when used to level the lawn.

Mason Sand Vs All Purpose Sand – How They Compare?

Mason sand is often called all-purpose sand as it has several uses and characteristics. It is a finely crushed sand with a uniform texture.

It has been prepared by washing and screening to make sure there are no big granules, rocks or impurities. It is versatile sand and suits a wide variety of applications including sandboxes, volleyball courts, children’s play areas and more.

All-purpose sand, just like mason sand, is washed and screened and works for a variety of applications including landscaping, mortar, roads and walkways and soil conditioning. It is versatile sand that withstands extreme conditions and an affordable option for most projects.

Both the mason sand and all-purpose sand make excellent choices for leveling the lawn and offer a cost-effective way to topdress a lawn.

Ferrous Sulphate For Lawns – UPDATED 2021 – A Complete Guide

Ferrous sulphate or iron sulphate is one of the most popular products among homeowners looking for effective ways to keep their lawn turf green.

Iron and its compounds give a deep green color to the grass without promoting excessive growth, helping the lawn achieve a lush appearance.

They are a great alternative to nitrogen fertilizers and provide several other benefits.

In this guide, let us try to learn more about ferrous sulphate and its use for lawns. We discuss the application rate and method for ferrous sulphate to help users get maximum results.

Ferrous Sulphate For Lawns

Ferrous & Iron Sulphate For Lawns – A Complete Guide

Sulphate is one of the magical weapons used by gardeners of all experience levels around the world. Iron sulphate and ferrous are forms of iron and can make lawn maintenance a lot easier.

These products help green the grasses and lower the pH levels of the soil to encourage a healthy lawn growth. They are also used to control unwanted mosses and correct iron deficiency in the lawn.

Supplementation

Just like humans, iron is an essential nutrient for grass. If you find the blades a little yellowish, spraying some iron sulphate will give your lawn a bright green color in no time.

It will not only get your grass soft to touch but make it harder on the inside so that it stays protected against cold and diseases.

Pest Resistance

Ferrous and iron sulphate are acidic and make the lawn less appealing to worms and other creatures attracting birds. The grass also finds these acidic nutrients beneficial and becomes soft and fine rather than rough.

When used with some natural pest control remedy, iron sulphate can keep the lawn pest-free.

Moss Control

Ferrous sulphate is capable of blackening and killing moss while making the grass strong and green. Being an organic chemical compound, iron sulphate is less harmful to the environment than other chemicals.

The effects on moss are temporary and last for a season unless permanent moss eradication methods are undertaken.

Ferrous Sulphate Application Rate For Lawns

You can mix ferrous sulphate with water at the rate of 50-100 grams per 100 square metres of lawn to get a beautiful green color on the grass.

This application rate can be used throughout the year as long as the soil has some moisture and there is no strong heat.

The concentration should be increased to 150-200 grams if you want to use ferrous sulphate for disease resistance and turf hardening.

This application rate works for sports lawns and is performed in late autumn and winter.

Iron sulphate will blacken moss at this concentration and you can expect some temporary damage to the blades if conditions are not so cool. This rate of application should therefore be used when there is a lot of moisture available and there is no chance of heat.

If you want to blacken the moss severely along with turf hardening and grass greening, you can increase the rate to 400-500 grams per 100 square metre or undertake a repeat application.

Ensure cool conditions when applying at this rate to minimize possibilities of grass damage. The maximum safe limit for ferrous sulphate is 500 grams mixed in 5-10 litres of water for 100 sq. m.

Ferrous Sulphate Heptahydrate Lawn

Ferrous sulphate heptahydrate is a water-soluble iron and sulphur fertilizer used to improve the deficiency of iron and adjust the pH level of soil in the lawn. It is an excellent product for lawns with high alkaline soil.

It treats the soil so that plants can easily access the nutrients.

A popular treatment for treating iron chlorosis, ferrous sulphate heptahydrate is not so fast-acting but delivers long-lasting results. It can be dug into the soil by mixing with compost to create a store that lasts for years.

It is also an effective moss killer and lawn conditioner.

Ferrous sulphate heptahydrate applies iron to various turf, lawn and landscapes and helps correct yellowing of the leaves.

It comes as a water-soluble powder and enhances the greening of the lawn without increasing the growth. It boosts the photosynthesis and respiration in plants and promotes healthy growth of the lawn.

How To Apply Ferrous Sulphate Heptahydrate?

Ferrous sulphate heptahydrate comes in a powder form and can be applied as it is or sprayed by mixing with water. It is recommended that you use a broadcast sprayer for an even application.

These tools also make sure that iron doesn’t spread on other areas like paving. If you want to apply the product with hand, it is important to get familiar with the wind direction. Remember to wear a mask and protective gloves all the time.

Iron sulphate can easily stain skin, clothes, paving and concrete so care should be taken when spraying near paths and concrete.

You should wear old clothes and wash your hands after each use. If the product falls on the paving, a quick cleanup should prevent any permanent damage. For desired results, the entire lawn should be treated at once.

This is because iron has an acidifying effect and you can spot differences between treated and untreated areas.

Too Much Iron Sulphate On Lawn? Here’s What To Do

Iron sulphate is an excellent product for lawn maintenance but should be applied carefully. Higher concentrations of iron in the lawn can cause harm to the grass apart from killing weeds and moss.

If applied to wet grass or in heat, iron sulphate can burn the grass. Your grass loses its ability to absorb sunlight and turns grey or dull green.

While the right amount of iron sulphate depends on the type of grass and climatic conditions, a common symptom of too much is a severe darkening of the blades giving a black appearance to the lawn.

These effects are not permanent and should go away on their own. Iron lasts in the lawn for about a few weeks after which you should see your lawn recovering.

Flow-Through Worm Bins – UPDATED 2021 – A Complete Guide

Vermicomposting is a great way for farmers and outdoor enthusiasts to recycle waste and increase self-sufficiency. Flow-through worm bins help compost with worms to produce a highly beneficial product for the farm or yard.

vermicomposting
vermicomposting

While traditional worm bins are an excellent starting point, more and more people are turning to flow-through worm bins that aim to overcome the problem faced otherwise.

In this guide, we try to understand all you should know about flow-through worm bins, their working, and their benefits to give you a better idea of this new way of composting.

Flow-Through Worm Bins – A Complete Guide

When you use traditional worm bins for composting, your harvesting involves some type of mess-cleanup task. A flow through worm bin is designed to provide a continuous supply of finished compost in a short time without much effort.

Moreover, you don’t disturb the worms or take any part of the bin out of production during the process.

Flow through worm bins have a clean and convenient setup and make it easy to harvest the finished compost. Since it is a highly effective and easy to maintain system, most worm farms use them for vermiculture.

The setup relies on the use of worms’ natural instincts to dwell in the topsoil. A flow-through worm bin is large enough to compost a huge amount of waste and optimized to do it efficiently.

This type of worm bin reduces the effort you make to harvest the finished product. You can fill the top of the bin without having to move any weight like in traditional bins.

When you want to harvest the vermicompost, you can do it from the bottom without interrupting the worms and they can keep working all the time.

Hungry Bin Flow Through Worm Farm

A fast and efficient way to compost waste, Hungry Bin uses an innovative design and processes up to 2kg of waste per day. It is a flow through worm composter that does not rely on stirring, mixing or turning but uses a continuous-flow technology to compost continuously without supervision. Its unique design is intended to create an ideal environment for worms.

The worms convert organic waste into castings and a nutrient-rich liquid both of which make excellent fertilizer. This liquid easily drains from the bin into the tray below it.

The bin has a unique tapered shape that compresses the castings to make them easy to handle and worm-free. This design also makes sure the worms move to the surface to access food.

Hungry Bin Flow Through Worm Farm can be placed right by the door in any setting. The lid is tight-fitting to prevent any insects from entering and makes it easy to put in scraps.

There is no need to lift any heavy trays. You just have to harvest the castings from the tray as they get ready. This unit does not have a tap that gets blocked or needs replacement.

Continuous Flow Worm Farm – How It Works?

A simple continuous flow worm farm is made up of a flow through bin that generally contains a winch-powered knife to cut the compost from the bottom. In this method of vermicomposting, the worms are fed organic matter from the top and castings are harvested from the bottom tray. This type of setup requires one of these things:

  • A bin that allows harvesting from the bottom so that worms can work in the top layers to remain uninterrupted.
  • Removable trays with perforated bottoms to facilitate upward migration. Top layer trays can be removed over time to collect vermicompost from lower trays.

Though continuous flow bins vary in dimensions, they all allow upward migration of worms to access fresh food. They can be made up of a single compartment or multiple stacked boxes. A cutting bar is pushed above the mesh to release 1-2 inches of the finished product through the mesh. The bar is powered by electricity or a manual winch.

Commercial Vermiculture Bins

Commercial-scale flow through worm bins are designed to be resistant to moisture generally present in a worm setting. These large systems range from simple, ventilated boxes to stacked models that make it easy to harvest finished compost.

They work on the assumption that once the worms have finished the material in one tray, they move upward to find fresher food sources.

The trays are used in succession and each one comes in line after the one below it gets filled up with compost. When it is time to move the worms, bedding and food get shifted to the next tray.

These stacks are designed to make it easy for the worms to migrate to the next level. A continuous flow bin saves a lot of effort as there is no need to empty the bin like traditional methods.

A flow through worm bin with about 20 inches of depth would produce worm-free worm castings as worms are likely to stay in the top 6-8 inches of the habitat. This type of system is more efficient because it allows harvesting without disturbing the worms above it.

Large Scale Worm Farm Design

With the growing demand for vermicompost, particularly as more farmers look for ways to reduce the use of synthetic fertilizers, countries are embracing large scale worm composting methods.

Composting on a grand scale occurs on farms that raise poultry, cattle, or horses. These systems rely on flow-through reactors that contain raised boxes with bedding. The worms feed near the surface and a bar added towards the bottom harvest the compost.

Each of the worm beds is designed to serve as a healthy residence for the worms. Conditions like temperature and moisture levels are constantly monitored to get ideal worm reproduction, population density, and feeding rate.

The finished product is screened to an even size to ensure easy handling in gardening and farming. Flow-through bins take anywhere between two and four months to convert the material into vermicompost.

Some advanced farms even use automated, computer-controlled systems that take 1-2 months.